Permanent Secretary, Department for International Development
Nemat (Minouche) Shafik is Permanent Secretary for the Department for International Development (DFID). She joined DFID in 2004 as DG for all country programmes. Previously, Minouche served as Vice President, Private Sector and Infrastructure, at the World Bank and in the senior management group of the IFC. She also taught at the Wharton Business Schooland at Georgetown University. She has a B.A. in Economics & Politics, an M.Sc. in Economics and a D.Phil. in Economics. She is married, has two children and three stepchildren.