Smallholder farmers are generally defined as farmers cultivating less than two hectares of land. Three-quarters of the world’s poorest people get their food and income from farming these small plots.i Productivity on these plots in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia is extremely low compared to the rest of the world, in terms of both yield and labor.
Agricultural productivity has increased in developing countries to reach levels consistent with wealthier nations, increasing global food security while agricultural land is sustainably managed. All smallholder farmers are able to utilize advanced farming techniques and resources. Due to increases in yield and income, they no longer suffer from undernourishment or poverty.